Vienna Game, Würzburger Trap
The Würzburger Trap is a chess opening trap in the Vienna Gambit. It was named around 1930 for German banker Max Würzburger.
1. e4 e5 2. Nc3 Nf6 3. f4
- White plays the Vienna Gambit.
- Thought to be the best reply.
4. fxe5 Nxe4 5. d3
- White also has lines beginning 5.Qf3 (Steinitz) and 5.Nf3, but neither achieves an advantage.
- Initiating the trap. Black has other choices 5…Bb4 and 5…Nxc3.
6. g3 Nxg3 7. Nf3 Qh5 8. Nxd5 Bg4
- 8…Nxh1? 9.Nxc7+ Kd8 10.Nxa8 leads to advantage for White.
- White can obtain the better game with 9.Bg2 Nxh1 (9…Bxf3 10.Qxf3 Qxe5+ 11.Kd1 Nxh1 12.Bf4 Qxb2 13.Qe4+ +− Hamann–Schvenkrantz, Germany 1965; 10…Qxf3 11.Bxf3 Nxa1 12.Nxc7+ Kd7 13.Nxa8 Bc5 14.Bxh1 Nc6 15.Bf4± Arhangel’skij–Popov, USSR 1958; Larsen) 10.Nxc7+ Kd7 (10…Kd8 11.Nxa8 Nc6 12.d4 Bxf3 13.Qxf3 Qxf3 14.Bxf3 Nxd4 15.Bg5+ Be7 16.Rd1+−; Larsen) 11.Nxa8 Nc6.
9… Bxf3 10. Nxh5 Bxd1 11. hxg3 Bxc2?
- Black tries to win a pawn, but instead loses a piece.
12. b3 (see diagram)
- The black bishop on c2 is trapped; White can move his king to d2 next turn, attacking it.